mushogenshin

Mar 072017
 

My first and quick test of sketching from the motion library of Scott Eaton. The sketches were done in 2 mins each, with pencil on squared pattern paper. I didn’t plan to create an animation from the scribbles, but then, being curious, I took photos of them with my phone and brought them to Photoshop to animate.

Dec 092016
 

Otto Lilienthal, a German pioneer of aviation. Body sculpted by Phú Nguyễn.

I just finished sculpting two digital portraits for a museum exhihit on the history of flight. One is of Otto Lilienthal, a German inventor of a glider in late 1800s, and the other is of John Uptigrove, a contemporary Canadian designer of a very small helicopter.

Photo of Otto Lilienthal

Otto Lilienthal “was the first person to make well-documented, repeated, successful gliding flights. Newspapers and magazines published photographs of Lilienthal gliding, favorably influencing public and scientific opinion about the possibility of flying machines becoming practical.”

My portrait sculpture of Lilienthal

The challenge mainly lay within the scarcity of reference photos of both characters. The vastly different moments when the photos were taken, where the character in question sometimes looked like completely different individuals, posed another problem for the artist to resolve.

A tiny photo of John Uptigrove

Uptigrove in T-shirt and jeans. Body sculpted by Phú Nguyễn.

The allowed timeframe was fairly tight, and the sculpts were intended for 3D printed figurines, so my main focus was to hit the likeness as much as possible.

My portrait sculpture of Uptigrove

If you have a hero or heroine of whom you would love to have a 3D printed portrait sculpture, feel free to drop me a line.

Jul 102016
 
January 1st, 2017:

Why a caricature you asked?

December 31st, 2016:

Today is the last day of year 2016 and I ran a race with time and myself to finish a caricature sculpt of Carl. I’m pretty happy with the results.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.


One 3D-printable file will be a New Year’s gift to my patrons. Please consider supporting me on Patreon so that I can create more sculptures of great scientists like this one of Carl.

A time-lapse video showing the making-of:

December 27th, 2016:

Here are some caricatures I did recently to study Carl Sagan’s likeness. I’m looking forward to releasing a sculpt based on these drawings within the first week of 2017. Stay tuned!

July 10th, 2016:

I’m not quite happy with the likeness of this sculpture of Carl yet. I will go in and work on improving that when I have time. Stay tuned.

Jul 082016
 

The_Afterhours_of_a_Feynman_Mushogenshin

How to go about sculpting a scientist who turns away from attention? Not just any scientist, mind you, but a bongo-playing, skirt-chasing Don Juan in jeans who shrugs off his groundbreaking achievements in quantum physics as “nothing important”? To call him curious and complex would be the understatement of the millennium.
Well, while I was squaring this circle of a problem, Feyman decided to occur to me, post mortem, in a selfie form. He floats up in my mind one afternoon, as a Faun (Feyn?) sitting on a rock ― nude, as you would expect ― gleefully playing bongo for some nymphs. (As soon as he grants me a vision of them, I’ll sculpt them, too.) No sound track was provided, but I’m sure Debussy wouldn’t have minded: an American so hedonistic he should have been French.

Fourteen Feynman diagrams (seven from each side of his van) are used as motifs for the bongos’ ornaments.

Fourteen Feynman diagrams (seven from each side of his van)
are used as motifs for the bongos’ ornaments.

Now, a live Feynman would have absolutely refused to get besculptured. So this will be ― how to say it in proper English? ― erected strictly as a labour of love. Skeptics might have termed it a love of labour. I think it is both.
I do realize that there must have been an unwritten rule, somewhere, in Aristotle: “Thou shalt NOT sculpt thy scientist in his birthday suit. Athletes? It goes without saying. Gods? (super) Naturally. Emperors? Well, let’s call it a Photoshop session, avant la lettre. But scientists? Hades, NO! Something should be respected, don’t you think?”
Well, no.
Indeed. For some reasons, even Ancient Greek scientists have resolutely hung on to their togas (chlamys to the Philhellene, but the word sounds slightly suspicious to most English-speakers). But, as Feynman would have answered, “If I ever get to that point, how about I still go nude anyway?” He would have pleaded before any judge, that girls should be picked up by the book (which he dutifully provided), bars should stay topless (as far as hostesses go) and bottomless (as drinks do), and that scientists, if ever they should get sculpted, should let that funny last fig leaf go with the wind. After all, Fauns only come in during the fall season, exactly when all leaves, vine or fig, shall fall. Thus said Nature, so wine could come to man, and all that good stuff. The physicist in Feynman would not have tried to fool Nature in the name of Respectability. The absolute precedence of public relations over reality is a Neo-Puritan doctrine. Let’s the Neo-Confucians adopt it.
So be it: Richard Feynman, will now, officially, do a digital illustration of Debussy. After a middle-aged excursion into computer science, and another foray into drawing, who knows what he might be up to now in Hades? Let’s give him, and ourselves, once more, that spine-tingling pleasure of finding things out.

3Feynmans_playingBongos

I hope The Afterhours of a Feynman has caught Your eyes. If you would like to know more about what I am doing, please check out my Patreon page.

Below are the making-of timelapse videos.


Buy the low poly version for $12.

3D viewer of the portrait portion of the sculpture:

May 182016
 

On May 18th, 2016 I decided to read Asimov’s biography of scientist number [518]. He is William Hallowes Miller, a Welsh mineralogist, who is best known for his system of describing any crystal plane using three integers, nowadays called Miller indices.

When I did a Google search of W. H. Miller, only one seemingly legit, yet very tiny, image of him showed up. I talked to myself “If no profile image of him can be found, it would be very difficult to sculpt him.” And unfortunately that tends to be the only image of him remains to this day.

William_Hallowes_Miller

At first I had quite a hard time brainstorming an idea for a full figure sculpture of Miller, since very few traces of his personality get mentioned on the Internet. “Miller index funny”, “Miller index joke”, “Miller index meme” all did not yield any good inspiration.

But then I searched for “crystal”, and got distracted by “crystal meth”, “crystal healing”, and “chakras”. The last one ironically came across as a potential source for ideas. I knew that I found some fun way to make a connection between out man’s excellent achievement and something else that is a bit more accessible to a wider audience.
Millerian-indices_ideaGenerating_Mushogenshin

That’s a short story about how I came up with my idea for my sculpture of William Hallowes Miller. Please stay tuned for future updates!

Credit: Miller indices illustration (cropped) by Felix Kling.
May 152016
 
*The numbers in square brackets are biography numbers assigned to each scientist by Asimov for easy cross reference, in chronological order.

ABBE, Cleveland [738]
ABEGG, Richard Wilhelm Heinrich [978]
ABEL, Sir Frederick Augustus [673]
ABEL, John Jacob [877]
ABEL, Niels Henrik [527]
ABELARD, Peter [88]
ABELSON, Philip Hauge [1383]
ABNEY, Sir William de Wiveleslie [765]
ACHESON, Edward Goodrich [863]
ADAMS, John Couch [615]
ADAMS, Walter Sydney [1045]
ADDISON, Thomas [482]
ADELARD OF BATH [89]
ADLER, Alfred [984]
ADRIAN, Edgar Douglas, Baron [1137]
AGASSIZ, Jean Louis Rodolphe [551]
AGRICOLA, Georgius [132]
AHMOSE [2]
AIRY, Sir George Biddell [523]
ALBATEGNIUS [83]
ALBERTI, Leone Battista [117]
ALBERTUS MAGNUS [96]
ALCMAEON [11]
ALCUIN [77]
ALDER, Kurt [1254]
ALDEROTTI, Tadeo [101]
ALFONSO X [100]
ALFRED THE GREAT [81]
ALFVEN, Hannes Olof Gosta [1335]
ALHAZEN [85]
AL-KHWARIZMI, Muhammed ibn Musa [79]
ALLBUTT, Sir Thomas Clifford [720]
ALPINI, Prospero [160]
ALVAREZ, Luis Walter [1363]
AMAGAT, Emile Hilaire [751]
AMBARTZUMIAN, Victor Amazaspovich [1338]
AMICI, Giovanni Battista [447]
AMONTONS, Guillaume [244]
AMPERE, André Marie [407]
AMUNDSEN, Roald Engelbregt [1008]
ANAXAGORAS [14]
ANAXIMANDER [4]
ANAXIMENES [5]
ANDERSON, Carl David [1292]
ANDERSON, Philip Warren [1458]
ANDREWS, Roy Chapman [1091]
ANDREWS, Thomas [580]
ANFINSEN, Christian Boehmer [1403]
ANGSTROM, Anders Jonas [585]
APIAN, Peter [133]
APOLLONIUS [49]
APPERT, Nicolas [359]
APPLETON, Sir Edward Victor [1158]
AQUINAS, Saint Thomas [102]
ARAGO, Dominique François Jean [446]
ARBER, Werner [1485]
ARCHER, Frederick Scott [577]
ARCHIMEDES [47]
ARCHYTAS [25]
ARGELANDER, Friedrich Wilhelm August [508]
ARISTARCHUS [41]
ARISTOTLE [29]
ARKWRIGHT, Sir Richard [311]
ARMSTRONG, Edwin Howard [1143]
ARMSTRONG, Neil Alden [1492]
ARNOLD OF VILLANOVA [103]
ARREST, Heinrich Ludwig d’ [639]
ARRHENIUS, Svante August [894]
ARTSIMOVICH, Lev Andreevich [1343]
ASTBURY, William Thomas [1210]
ASTON, Francis William [1051]
AUDUBON, John James [443]
AUER, Karl, Baron von Welsbach [890]
AVERROËS [91]
AVERY, Oswald Theodore [1054]
AVICENNA [86]
AVOGADRO, Amedeo, count of Quaregna [412]
AXELROD, Julius [1374]
BAADE, Walter [1163]
BABBAGE, Charles [481]
BABINET, Jacques [486]
BACON, Francis [163]
BACON, Roger [99]
BAEKELAND, Leo Hendrik [931]
BAER, Karl Ernst von [478]
BAEYER, Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von [718]
BAFFIN, William [178]
BAILY, Francis [406]
BAKER, Henry [265]
BALARD, Antoine Jérôme [529]
BALBOA, Vasco Nunez de [128]
BALFOUR, Francis Maitland [823]
BALMER, Johann Jakob [658]
BALTIMORE, David [1508]
BANKS, Sir Joseph [331]
BANTING, Sir Frederick Grant [1152]
BÀRANY, Robert [1040]
BARDEEN, John [1334]
BARGHOORN, Elso Sterrenberg [1399]
BARKHAUSEN, Heinrich [1079]
BARKLA, Charles Glover [1049]
BARNARD, Christiaan Neethling [1452]
BARNARD, Edward Emerson [883]
BARRINGER, Daniel Moreau [905]
BARTHOLIN, Erasmus [210]
BARTLETT, Ned [1499]
BARTON, Sir Derek Harold Richard [1427]
BASOV, Nikolai Gennadievich [1453]
BATES, Henry Walter [656]
BATESON, William [913]
BAUMANN, Eugen [786]
BAWDEN, Sir Frederick Charles [1337]
BAYER, Johann [170]
BAYLISS, Sir William Maddock [902]
BEADLE, George Wells [1270]
BEAUMONT, William [444]
BECHER, Johann Joachim [222]
BECQUEREL, Alexandre Edmond [623]
BECQUEREL, Antoine Henri [834]
BEDE [75]
BEEBE, Charles William [1050]
BEER, Wilhelm [499]
BEGUYER DE CHANCOURTOIS, Alexandre-Émile [622]
BEHRING, Emil Adolf von [846]
BEUERINCK, Martinus Willem [817]
BEILSTEIN, Friedrich Konrad [732]
BÉKÉSY, Georg von [1220]
BELL, Alexander Graham [789]
BELLINGSHAUSEN, Fabian Gottlieb von [426]
BELON, Pierre [148]
BENACERRAF, Baruj [1442]
BENEDEN, Édouard Joseph Louis-Marie van [782]
BERG, Paul [1470]
BERGER, Hans [1014]
BERGIUS, Friedrich Karl Rudolf [1098]
BERGMAN, Torbem Olof [315]
BERING, Vitus Jonassen [250]
BERLINER, Émile [819]
BERNARD, Claude [578]
BERNOULLI, Daniel [268]
BERT, Paul [702]
BERTHELOT, Pierre Eugène Marcelin [674]
BERTHOLLET, Claude Louis, Comte [346]
BERZELIUS, Jons Jakob [425]
BESSARION, John [116]
BESSEL, Friedrich Wilhelm [439]
BESSEMER, Sir Henry [575]
BEST, Charles Herbert [1218]
BETHE, Hans Albrecht [1308]
BICHAT, Marie François Xavier [400]
BIELA, Wilhelm von [434]
BINET, Alfred [878]
BIOT, Jean Baptiste [404]
BITTNER, John Joseph [1277]
BJERKNES, Jacob Aall Bonnevie [1205]
BLACK, Davidson [1096]
BLACK, Joseph [298]
BLACKETT, Patrick Maynard Stuart [1207]
BLAKESLEE, Albert Francis [1029]
BLANCHARD, Jean Pierre François [362]
BLOCH, Felix [1296]
BLOCH, Konrad Emil [1369]
BLOEMBERGEN, Nicolaas [1436]
BLUMBERG, Baruch Samuel [1467]
BLUMENBACH, Johann Friedrich [357]
BODE, Johann Elert [344]
BODENSTEIN, Max [994]
BOERHAAVE, Hermann [248]
BOETHIUS, Anicius Manlius Severinus [71]
BOHR, Aage Niels [1450]
BOHR, Niels Henrik David [1101]
BOK, Bart Jan [1302]
BOLTWOOD, Bertram Borden [987]
BOLTZMANN, Ludwig Edward [769]
BOLYAI, Janos [530]
BOND, George Phillips [660]
BOND, William Cranch [464]
BONDI, Sir Hermann [1433]
BONNET, Charles [291]
BOOLE, George [595]
BORDEN, Gail [524]
BORDET, Jules Jean Baptiste Vincent [986]
BORELLI, Giovanni Alfonso [191]
BORN, Max [1084]
BOSCH, Karl [1028]
BOSE, Sir Jagadischandra [893]
BOSE, Satyendranath [1170]
BOTHE, Walther Wilhelm Georg Franz [1146]
BOUCHER DE CRÈVECOEUR DE PERTHES, Jacques [458]
BOUGAINVILLE, Louis Antoine de [303]
BOUGUER, Pierre [264]
BOUSSINGAULT, Jean Baptiste Joseph Dieudonné [525]
BOUVARD, Alexis [392]
BOVERI, Theodor [923]
BOVET, Daniele [1325]
BOYD, William Clouser [1264]
BOYLE, Robert [212]
BRACONNOT, Henri [430]
BRADLEY, James [258]
BRAGG, Sir William Henry [922]
BRAGG, Sir William Lawrence [1141]
BRAHE, Tycho [156]
BRAHMAGUPTA [73]
BRAID, James [494]
BRAND, Hennig [216]
BRANDT, Georg [260]
BRATTAIN, Walter Houser [1250]
BRAUN, Karl Ferdinand [808]
BRAUN, Wernher Magnus Maximilian von [1370]
BRETONNEAU, Pierre Fidèle [419]
BREUER, Josef [755]
BREWSTER, Sir David [433]
BRIDGMAN, Percy Williams [1080]
BRIGGS, Henry [164]
BRIGHT, Richard [465]
BROCA, Pierre Paul [653]
BRONSTED, Johannes Nicolaus [1061]
BROOM, Robert [959]
BROUNCKER, William, 2d Viscount [202]
BROUWER, Dirk [1258]
BROWN, Herbert Charles [1373]
BROWN, Robert [403]
BRUNO, Giordano [157]
BUCH, Christian Leopold von [405]
BUCHNER, Eduard [903]
BUCHNER, Hans Ernst Angass [813]
BUDD, William [570]
BUFFON, Georges Louis Leclerc, comte de [277]
BUNSEN, Robert Wilhelm Eberhard [565]
BURBANK, Luther [799]
BURIDAN, Jean [108]
BURNET, Sir Frank Macfarlane [1223]
BURT, Sir Cyril Lodowic [1086]
BUSH, Vannevar [1139]
BUTENANDT, Adolf Friedrich Johann [1265]
BUTLEROV, Alexander Mikhailovich [676]
BYRD, Richard Evelyn [1129]
CAILLETET, Louis Paul [698]
CALLINICUS [74]
CALLIPPUS [32]
CALVIN, Melvin [1361]
CANDOLLE, Augustin Pyrame de [418]
CANNIZZARO, Stanislao [668]
CANNON, Annie Jump [932]
CANNON, Walter Bradford [998]
CANO, Juan Sebastiân del [124]
CANTON, John [290]
CANTOR, Georg [772]
CARDANO, Girolamo [137]
CARNOT, Nicolas Léonard Sadi [497]
CARO, Heinrich [706]
CAROTHERS, Wallace Hume [1190]
CARREL, Alexis [1016]
CARRINGTON, Richard Christopher [667]
CARROLL, James [849]
CARVER, George Washington [937]
CASSINI, Giovanni Domenico [209]
CAUCHY, Augustin Louis, Baron [463]
CAVALIERI, Bonaventura [186]
CAVENDISH, Henry [307]
CAVENTOU, Joseph Bienaimé [493]
CAYLEY, Arthur [629]
CELSIUS, Anders [271]
CELSUS, Aulus Cornelius [57]
CHADWICK, Sir James [1150]
CHAIN, Ernst Boris [1306]
CRALLIS, James [535]
CHAMBERLAIN, Owen [1439]
CHAMBERLAND, Charles Edouard [816]
CHAMBERLIN, Thomas Chrowder [766]
CHANCE, Britton [1384]
CHANDRASEKHAR, Subrahmanyan [1356]
CHAPTAL, Jean Antoine Claude, comte de Chanteloup [368]
CHARCOT, Jean Martin [662]
CHARDONNET, Louis Marie Hilaire Bernigaud, comte de [743]
CHARGAFF, Erwin [1291]
CHARLEMAGNE [78]
CHARLES, Jacques Alexandre César [343]
CHARPENTIER, Johann von [449]
CHÂTELET, Gabrielle Emilie le Tonnelier de Breteuil, marquise de [274]
CHERENKOV, Pavel Alekseyevich [1281]
CHEVREUL, Michel Eugène [448]
CHLADNI, Ernst Florens Friedrich [370]
CLAIRAUT, Alexis Claude [283]
CLAPEYRON, Benoit Pierre Émile [507]
CLARK, Alvan Graham [696]
CLAUDE, Albert [1222]
CLAUDE, Georges [989]
CLAUS, Carl Ernst [495]
CLAUSIUS, Rudolf Julius Emmanuel [633]
CLAVIUS, Christoph [152]
CLEVE, Per Teodor [746]
COBLENTZ, William Weber [1021]
COCKCROFT, Sir John Douglas [1198]
COHN, Ferdinand Julius [675]
COLOMBO, Realdo [140]
COLUMBUS, Christopher [121]
COMPTON, Arthur Holly [1159]
CONON [44]
COOK, James [300]
COOLIDGE, William David [1020]
COOPER, Leon N. [1489]
COPE, Edward Drinker [748]
COPERNICUS, Nicolas [127]
CORI, Cari Ferdinand [1194]
CORI, Gerty Theresa Radnitz [1192]
CORIOLIS, Gustave Gaspard de [480]
CORMACK, Allan MacLeod [1461]
CORNFORTH, Sir John Warcup [1417]
CORRENS, Karl Franz Joseph Erich [938]
COSTER, Dirk [1135]
COULOMB, Charles Augustin [318]
COUPER, Archibald Scott [686]
COURNAND, André Frédéric [1181]
COURTOIS, Bernard [414]
COUSTEAU, Jacques-Yves [1353]
COWAN, Clyde Lorrain [1434]
CRAFTS, James Mason [741]
CRAIG, Lyman Creighton [1305]
CRICK, Francis Harry Compton [1406]
CRONIN, James Watson [1497]
CRONSTEDT, Axel Fredrik [292]
CROOKES, Sir William [695]
CROSS, Charles Frederick [862]
CTESIBIUS [46]
CURIE, Marie Sklodowska [965]
CURIE, Pierre [897]
CURTIS, Heber Doust [1007]
CUVIER, Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert, Baron [396]
CYSAT, Johann [180]
D’ABANO, Pietro [106]
DAGUERRE, Louis Jacques Mandé [467]
DAIMLER, Gottlieb Wilhelm [708]
DALE, Sir Henry Hallett [1034]
D’ALEMBERT, Jean le Rond [289]
DALTON, John [389]
DAM, Cari Peter Henrik [1177]
DANIELL, John Frederic [470]
DART, Raymond Arthur [1162]
DARWIN, Charles Robert [554]
DARWIN, Erasmus [308]
DARWIN, Sir George Howard [777]
DAUBRÊE, Gabriel Auguste [584]
DAUSSET, Jean [1411]
DAVISSON, Clinton Joseph [1078]
DAVY, Sir Humphry [421]
DEBIERNE, André Louis [1026]
DE BROGLIE, Louis Victor Pierre Raymond, Prince [1157]
DEBYE, Peter Joseph Wilhelm [1094]
DEDEKIND, Julius Wilhelm Richard [688]
DE DUVE, Christian René [1418]
DE FOREST, Lee [1017]
DELAMBRE, Jean Baptiste Joseph [350]
DE LA RUE, Warren [589]
DELBRÜCK, Max [1313]
D’ELHUYAR, Don Fausto [367]
DELISLE, Joseph Nicolas [255]
DEL RIO, Andrés Manuel [382]
DEMARÇAY, Eugène Anatole [825]
DEMOCRITUS [20]
DE MOIVRE, Abraham [246]
DE MORGAN, Augustus [549]
DEMPSTER, Arthur Jeffrey [1106]
DENIS, Jean Baptiste [227]
DESAGULIERS, John Théophile [253]
DESCARTES, René [183]
DESMAREST, Nicolas [296]
DE VRIES, Hugo Marie [792]
DEWAR, Sir James [759]
D’HÉRELLE, Félix Hubert [1012]
DICAEARCHUS [33]
DICKE, Robert Henry [1405]
DIDEROT, Denis [286]
DIELS, Otto Paul Hermann [1039]
DIESEL, Rudolf [886]
DIOCLES [34]
DIOPHANTUS [66]
DIOSCORIDES [59]
DIRAC, Paul Adrien Maurice [1256]
DÖBEREINER, Johann Wolfgang [427]
DOBZHANSKY, Theodosius [1224]
DOISY, Edward Adelbert [1169]
DOLLOND, John [273]
DOLOMIEU, Dieudonné de Gratet de [353]
DOMAGK, Gerhard [1183]
DONATI, Giovanni Battista [671]
DONDERS, Franciscus Comelis [605]
DOPPLER, Christian Johann [534]
DORN, Friedrich Emst [795]
DOUGLASS, Andrew Ellicott [963]
DRAKE, Edwin Laurentine [614]
DRAKE, Frank Donald [1491]
DRAPER, Henry [723]
DRAPER, John William [566]
DUBOIS, Marie Eugène François Thomas [884]
DU BOIS-REYMOND, Emü Heinrich [611]
DUBOS, René Jules [1235]
DU FAY, Charles François de Cisternay [266]
DUGGAR, Benjamin Minge [1010]
DUJARDIN, Félix [517]
DULBECCO, Renato [1388]
DULONG, Pierre Louis [441]
DUMAS, Jean Baptiste André [514]
DUNNING, John Ray [1330]
DÜRER, Albrecht [126]
DUTTON, Clarence Edward [753]
DU VIGNEAUD, Vincent [1239]
DYSON, Freeman John [1459]
EASTMAN, George [852]
ECCLES, Sir John Carew [1262]
ECKERT, John Presper, Jr. [1431]
EDDINGTON, Sir Arthur Stanley [1085]
EDELMAN, Gerald Maurice [1486]
EDISON, Thomas Alva [788]
EDLEN, Bengt [1316]
EHRENBERG, Christian Gottfried [491]
EHRLICH, Paul [845]
EIGEN, Manfred [1477}
EUKMAN, Christiaan [888]
EINSTEIN, Albert [1064]
EINTHOVEN, Willem [904]
EKEBERG, Anders Gustaf [391]
ELSASSER, Walter Maurice [1279]
ELSTER, Johann Philipp Ludwig Julius [858]
ELVEHJEM, Conrad Arnold [1240]
EMPEDOCLES [17]
ENCKE, Johann Franz [475]
ENDERS, John Franklin [1195]
EOTVÜS, Roland, Baron von [794]
EPICURUS [35]
ERASISTRATUS [43]
ERATOSTHENES [48]
ERICSSON, John [533]
ERLANGER, Joseph [1023]
ERLENMEYER, Richard August Carl Emü [661]
ESAKI, Leo [1464]
EUCLID [40]
EUDOXUS [27]
EULER, Leonhard [275]
EULER-CHELPIN, Hans Karl August Simon von [1011]
EUPALINUS [8]
EUSTACHIO, Bartolomeo [141]
EWING, William Maurice [1303]
FABRICIUS AB AQUAPENDENTE, Hieronymus [151]
FABRICIUS, David [167]
FABRY, Charles [962]
FAHRENHEIT, Gabriel Daniel [254]
FALLOPIUS, Gabriel [149]
FALSE GEBER [107]
FARADAY, Michael [474]
FECHNER, Gustav Theodor [520]
FERDINAND II OF TUSCANY [193]
FERMAT, Pierre de [188]
FERMI, Enrico [1243]
FERNEL, Jean François [134]
FERRIER, Sir David [761]
FESSENDEN, Reginald Aubrey [958]
FEYNMAN, Richard Philips [1424]
FIBONACCI, Leonardo [95]
FIELD, Cyrus West [621]
FINSEN, Niels Ryberg [908]
FISCHER, Emil Hermann [833]
FISCHER, Ernst Otto [1429]
FISCHER, Hans [1076]
FISHER, Sir Ronald Aylmer [1142]
FITCH, John [330]
FITCH, Val Logsden [1454]
FITZGERALD, George Francis [821]
FITZROY, Robert [544]
FIZEAU, Armand Hippolyte Louis [620]
FLAMMARION, Nicolas Camille [756]
FLAMSTEED, John [234]
FLEMING, Sir Alexander [1077]
FLEMING, Sir John Ambrose [803]
FLEMMING, Walther [762]
FLEROV, Georgii Nikolaevich [1381]
FLOREY, Howard Walter, Baron [1213]
FLORY, Paul John [1354]
FOLKERS, Karl August [1312]
FONTENELLE, Bernard le Bovier de [239]
FORBES, Edward [590]
FORD, Henry [929]
FORSSMAN, Werner [1283]
FOUCAULT, Jean Bernard Léon [619]
FOURCROY, Antoine François, comte de [366]
FOURIER, Jean Baptiste Joseph, Baron [393]
FOX, Sidney Walter [1371]
FRAENKEL-CONRAT, Heinz [1355]
FRANCK, James [1081]
FRANK, Ilya Mikhaylovich [1340]
FRANKLAND, Sir Edward [655]
FRANKLIN, Benjamin [272]
FRANKLIN, Kenneth Linn [1455]
FRANKLIN, Rosalind Elsie [1440]
FRASCH, Herman [824]
FRAUNHOFER, Joseph von [450]
FREDERICK II [97]
FREGE, Friedrich Ludwig Gottlob [797]
FREMY, Edmond [582]
FRERE, John [324]
FRESNEL, Augustin Jean [455]
FREUD, Sigmund [865]
FRIEDEL, Charles [693]
FRIEDMAN, Herbert [1407]
FRIEDMANN, Alexander Alexandrovich [1125]
FRISCH, Karl von [1110]
FRISCH, Otto Robert [1284]
FRONTINUS, Sextus Julius [62]
FUCHS, Leonhard [136]
FULTON, Robert [385]
FUNK, Casimir [1093]
GABOR, Dennis [1230]
GADOLIN, Johan [373]
GAFFKY, Georg Theodor August [805]
GAGARIN, Yuri Alekseyevich [1502]
GAHN, Johann Gottlieb [339]
GAJDUSEK, Daniel Carleton [1456]
GALEN [65]
GALILEO [166]
GALL, Franz Joseph [371]
GALLE, Johann Gottfried [573]
GALOIS, Evariste [571]
GALTON, Sir Francis [636]
GALVANI, Luigi [320]
GAMOW, George [1278]
GASCOIGNE, William [195]
GASSENDI, Pierre [182]
GASSER, Herbert Spencer [1126]
GATLING, Richard Jordan [609]
GAUSS, Johann Karl Friedrich [415]
GAY-LUSSAC, Joseph Louis [420]
GEBER [76]
GEGENBAUR, Karl [669]
GEIGER, Hans Wilhelm [1082]
GEISSLER, Heinrich [583]
GELLIBRAND, Henry [184]
GELL-MANN, Murray [1487]
GEMMA FRISIUS, Reiner [138]
GERARD OF CREMONA [90]
GERBERT [84]
GERMAIN, Sophie [410]
GESELL, Arnold Lucius [1070]
GESNER, Konrad von [147]
GIAEVER, Ivar [1484]
GIAUQUE, William Francis [1178]
GIBBS, Josiah Willard [740]
GILBERT, Walter [1498]
GILBERT, William [155]
GILL, Sir David [763]
GLASER, Donald Arthur [1472]
GLASHOW, Sheldon Lee [1500]
GLAUBER, Johann Rudolf [190]
GMELIN, Johann Georg [280]
GMELIN, Leopold [457]
GODDARD, Robert Hutchings [1083]
GÖDEL, Kurt [1301]
GOEPPERT-MAYER, Marie [1307]
GOETHE, Johann Wolfgang von [349]
GOLD, Thomas [1437]
GOLDBACH, Christian [256]
GOLDBERGER, Joseph [1027]
GOLDHABER, Maurice [1362]
GOLDMARK, Peter Carl [1319]
GOLDSCHMIDT, Johann (Hans) Wilhelm [909]
GOLDSCHMIDT, Victor Moritz [1123]
GOLDSTEIN, Eugen [811]
GOLGI, Camillo [764]
GOMBERG, Moses [950]
GOODRICKE, John [381]
GOODYEAR, Charles [516]
GORGAS, William Crawford [853]
GOUDSMTT, Samuel Abraham [1255]
GRAAP, Regnier de [228]
GRAEBE, Karl James Peter [752]
GRAHAM, Thomas [547]
GRAM, Hans Christian Joachim [841]
GRAMME, Zénobe Théophile [666]
GRANIT, Ragnar Arthur [1232]
GRASSMAN, Hermann Günther [556]
GRAUNT, John [201]
GRAY, Asa [562]
GRAY, Stephen [262]
GREENSTEIN, Jesse Leonard [1345]
GREGOR, William [377]
GREGORY, David [240]
GREGORY, James [226]
GREW, Nehemiah [229]
GRIGNARD, François Auguste Victor [993]
GRIMALDI, Francesco Maria [199]
GROSSETESTE, Robert [94]
GROVE, Sir William Robert [568]
GUERICKE, Otto von [189]
GUETTARD, Jean Étienne [287]
GUILLAUME, Charles Édouard [910]
GUILLEMIN, Roger [1460]
GULDBERG, Cato Maximilian [721]
GULLSTRAND, Allvar [919]
GUTENBERG, Beno [1133]
GUTENBERG, Johann [114]
GUTHRIE, Samuel [435]
GUYOT, Arnold Henry [552]
GUYTON DE MORVEAU, Baron Louis Bernard [319]
HABER, Fritz [977]
HADFIELD, Sir Robert Abbott [892]
HAECKEL, Ernst Heinrich Philipp August [707]
HAFFKJNE, Waldemar Mordecai Wolfe [901]
HAHN, Otto [1063]
HALDANE, John Burdon Sanderson [1160]
HALE, George Ellery [974]
HALES, Stephen [249]
HALL, Asaph [681]
HALL, Charles Martin [933]
HALL, Granville Stanley [780]
HALL, Sir James [374]
HALL, Marshall [469]
HALLER, Albrecht von [278]
HALLEY, Edmund [238]
HALSTED, William Stewart [830]
HAMILTON, Sir William Rowan [545]
HAMPSON, William [851]
HANNO [12]
HARDEN, Sir Arthur [947]
HARE, Robert [428]
HARKINS, William Draper [1022]
HARRISON, John [259]
HARTLINE, Haldan Keffer [1276]
HARTMANN, Johannes Franz [940]
HARVEY, William [174]
HASSEL, Odd [1197]
HATCHETT, Charles [383]
HAUKSBEE, Francis [245]
HAÜY, René Just [332]
HAVERS, Clopton [237]
HAWKING, Stephen William [1510]
HAWKINS, Gerald Stanley [1481]
HAWORTH, Sir Walter Norman [1087]
HAYFORD, John Fillmore [970]
HEAVISIDE, Oliver [806]
HECATAEUS [9]
HEEZEN, Bruce Charles [1462]
HEISENBERG, Wemer Karl [1245]
HELLRIEGEL, Hermann [689]
HELMHOLTZ, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von [631]
HELMONT, Jan Baptista van [175]
HENCH, Philip Showalter [1188]
HENDERSON, Thomas [505]
HENLE, Friedrich Gustav Jakob [557]
HENRY THE NAVIGATOR [111]
HENRY, Joseph [503]
HERACLEIDES [28]
HERACLITUS [10]
HERMITE, Charles [641]
HERO [60]
HEROPHILUS [42]
HÉROULT, Paul Louis Toussaint [925]
HERSCHEL, Caroline Lucretia [352]
HERSCHEL, Sir John Frederick William [479]
HERSCHEL, Sir William [321]
HERSHEY, Alfred Day [1341]
HERTZ, Gustav Ludwig [1116]
HERTZ, Heinrich Rudolf [873]
HERTZSPRUNG, Ejnar [1018]
HERZBERG, Gerhard [1286]
HESS, Germain Henri [528]
HESS, Harry Hammond [1304]
HESS, Victor Francis [1088]
HESS, Walter Rudolf [1073]
HEVELIUS, Johannes [194]
HEVESY, Gyôrgy [1100]
HEWISH, Anthony [1463]
HEYROVSKŸ, Jaroslav [1144]
HILBERT, David [918]
HILL, Archibald Vivian [1108]
HILLARY, Sir Edmund Percival [1432]
HILLIER, James [1401]
HINSHELWOOD, Sir Cyril Norman [1200]
HINTON, Christopher, Baron [1238]
HIPPARCHUS [50]
HIPPOCRATES [22]
HISINGER, Wilhelm [390]
HITTORF, Johann Wilhelm [649]
HITZIG, Julius Eduard [731]
HJELM, Peter Jacob [342]
HOAGLAND, Mahlon Bush [1447]
HODGKIN, Alan Lloyd [1387]
HODGKIN, Dorothy Crowfoot [1352]
HOFMANN, August Wilhelm von [604]
HOFMEISTER, Wilhelm Friedrich Benedikt [651]
HOFSTADTER, Robert [1395]
HOLLEY, Robert William [1449]
HOLMES, Arthur [1138]
HOLMES, Oliver Wendell [558]
HONDA, Kotaro [985]
HOOKE, Robert [223]
HOPKINS, Sir Frederick Gowland [912]
HOPPE-SEYLER, Ernst Felix Immanuel [663]
HORROCKS, Jeremiah [200]
HOUSSAY, Bernardo Alberto [1115]
HOWE, Elias [616]
HOYLE, Sir Fred [1398]
HUBBLE, Edwin Powell [1136]
HUGGINS, Charles Branton [1242]
HUGGINS, Sir William [646]
HUMASON, Milton La Salle [1149]
HUMBOLDT, Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander, Baron von [397]
HUTTON, James [297]
HUXLEY, Andrew Fielding [1419]
HUXLEY, Thomas Henry [659]
HUYGENS, Christiaan [215]
HYATT, John Wesley [728]
HYPATIA [69]
IMHOTEP [1]
INGENHOUSZ, Jan [306]
INNES, Robert Thorburn Ayton [915]
IPATIEFF, Vladimir Nikolaevich [966]
ISIDORE OF SEVILLE [72]
TVANOV, Ilya Ivanovich [988]
IVANOVSKY, Dmitri Iosifovich [939]
JACKSON, Charles Thomas [543]
JACOB, François [1438]
JACOBI, Carl Gustav Jacob [541]
JAMES, William [754]
JANSKY, Karl Guthe [1295]
JANSSEN, Pierre Jules César [647]
JEANS, Sir James Hopwood [1053]
JEFFERSON, Thomas [333]
JEFFREYS, Sir Harold [1147]
JENNER, Edward [348]
JENSEN, Johannes Hans Daniel [1327]
JOHANNSEN, Wilhelm Ludwig [872]
JOLIOT-CURIE, Frédéric [1227]
JOLIOT-CURIE, Irène [1204]
JONES, Sir Harold Spencer [1140]
JOSEPHSON, Brian David [1509]
JOULE, James Prescott [613]
JUNG, Carl Gustav [1035]
JUSSIEU, Antoine Laurent de [345]
KAMEN, Martin David [1385]
KAMERLINGH ONNES, Heike [843]
KANT, Immanuel [293]
KAPITZA, Peter Leonidovich [1173]
KAPTEYN, Jacobus Cornelius [815]
KARMAN, Theodore von [1075]
KARRER, Paul [1131]
KASTLER, Alfred [1252]
KATZ, Sir Bernard [1359]
KEELER. James Edward [879]
KEESOM, Willem Hendrik [1042]
KEILIN, David [1113]
KEKULÉ VON STRADONITZ, Friedrich August [680]
KELVIN, William Thomson, Baron [652]
KENDALL, Edward Calvin [1105]
KENDREW, John Cowdery [1415]
KENNELLY, Arthur Edwin [916]
KEPLER, Johann [169]
KERST, Donald William [1367]
KETTERING, Charles Franklin [1044]
KHORANA, Har Gobind [1448]
KIDD, John [409]
KIDDINU [37]
KING, Charles Glen [1193]
KIPPING, Frederic Stanley [930]
KIRCHER, Athanasius [187]
KIRCHHOF, Gottlieb Sigismund Constantin [380]
KIRCHHOFF, Gustav Robert [648]
KIRKWOOD, Daniel [586]
KITASATO, Baron Shibasaburo [870]
KJELDAHL, Johann Gustav Christoffer [801]
KLAPROTH, Martin Heinrich [335]
KLEIN, Christian Felix [800]
KLEIST, Ewald Georg von [269]
KOCH, (Heinrich Hermann) Robert [767]
KÖHLER, Wolfgang [1112]
KOLBE, Adolph Wilhelm Hermann [610]
KOLLER, Carl [882]
KÖLLIKER, Rudolf Albert von [600]
KOPP, Hermann Franz Moritz [601]
KORNBERG, Arthur [1422]
KOSSEL, (Karl Martin Leonhard) Albrecht [842]
KOVALEVSKI, Alexander Onufriyevich [750]
KOVALEVSKY, Sonya [804]
KOZYREV, Nikolai Alexandrovich [1336]
KRAFFT-EBING, Baron Richard von [749]
KREBS, Sir Hans Adolf [1231]
KROGH, Shack August Steenberg [1030]
KRONECKER, Leopold [645]
KUHN, Richard [1233]
KÜHNE, Wilhelm (Willy) Friedrich [725]
KUIPER, Gerard Peter [1297]
KUNDT, August Adolph Eduard Eberhard [744]
KURCHATOV, Igor Vasilevich [1261]
LACAILLE, Nicolas Louis de [284]
LA CONDAMINE, Charles Marie de [270]
LAËNNEC, Théophile René Hyacinthe [429]
LAGRANGE, Joseph Louis, comte de [317]
LALANDE, Joseph Jérôme Le Français de [309]
LAMARCK, Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, chevalier de [336]
LAMBERT, Johann Heinrich [299]
LAMONT, Johann von [546]
LAND, Edwin Herbert [1344]
LANDAU, Lev Davidovich [1333]
LANDSTEINER, Karl [973]
LANGERHANS, Paul [791]
LANGEVIN, Paul [1000]
LANGLEY, Samuel Pierpont [711]
LANGMUIR, Irving [1072]
LAPLACE, Pierre Simon, marquis de [347]
LARSON, John Augustus [1161]
LARTET, Édouard Armand Isidore Hippolyte [519]
LASSELL, William [509]
LAUE, Max Theodor Felix von [1068]
LAURENT, Auguste [553]
LAVERAN, Charles Louis Alphonse [776]
LAVOISIER, Antoine Laurent [334]
LAWES, Sir John Bennett [588]
LAWRENCE, Ernest Orlando [1241]
LAZEAR, Jesse William [955]
LEAKEY, Louis Seymour Bazett [1268]
LEAVITT, Henrietta Swan [975]
LEBEDEV, Pyotr Nicolaievich [952]
LE BEL, Joseph Achille [787]
LEBLANC, Nicolas [328]
LE CHÂTELIER, Henri Louis [812]
LECOQ DE BOISBAUDRAN, Paul Émile [736]
LEDERBERG, Joshua [1466]
LEE, Tsung-Dao [1473]
LEEUWENHOEK, Anton van [221]
LEGENDRE, Adrien Marie [358]
LE GENTIL, Guillaume Joseph Hyacinthe Jean Baptiste [295]
LEIBNIZ, Gottfried Wilhelm [233]
LEISHMAN, Sir William Boog [948]
LELOIR, Luis Frederico [1314]
LEMAITRE, Abbe Georges Edouard [1174]
LENARD, Philipp Eduard Anton von [920]
LENOIR, Jean Joseph Etienne [635]
LENZ, Heinrich Friedrich Emil [536]
LEONARDO DA VINCI [122]
LEUCIPPUS [15]
LEUCKART, Karl Georg Friedrich Rudolf [640]
LEVENE, Phoebus Aaron Theodor [980]
LEVERRIER, Urbain Jean Joseph [564]
LEWIS, Gilbert Newton [1037]
LEXELL, Anders Johan [326]
LEY, Willy [1315]
LI, Choh Hao [1382]
LIBAVIUS [162]
LIBBY, Willard Frank [1342]
LIEBIG, Justus von [532]
LILIENTHAL, Otto [793]
LIND, James [288]
LINDBERGH, Charles Augustus [1249]
LINDBLAD, Berth [1185]
LINDE, Karl Paul Gottfried von [758]
LINDEMANN, Carl Louis Ferdinand von [826]
LINNAEUS, Carolus [276]
LIOUVILLE, Joseph [555]
LIPMANN, Fritz Albert [1221]
LIPPERSHEY, Hans [168]
LIPPMANN, Gabriel Jonas [778]
LIPSCOMB, William Nunn, Jr. [1435]
LISTER, Joseph, Baron [672]
LISTER, Joseph Jackson [445]
LOBACHEVSKI, Nikolai Ivanovich [484]
LOCKYER, Sir Joseph Norman [719]
LODGE, Sir Oliver Joseph [820]
LOEB, Jacques [896]
LOEWI, Otto [1015]
LÖFFLER, Friedrich August Johannes [828]
LOMONOSOV, Mikhail Vasilievich [282]
LONDON, Fritz Wolfgang [1226]
LONG, Crawford Williamson [594]
LORENTZ, Hendrik Antoon [839]
LORENZ, Konrad [1271]
LOSCHMIDT, Johann Joseph [628]
LOVE, Augustus Edward Hough [926]
LOVELL, Sir Alfred Charles Bernard [1386]
LOWELL, Percival [860]
LOWER, Richard [219]
LUCRETIUS [53]
LUDWIG, Karl Friedrich Wilhelm [597]
LURIA, Salvador Edward [1377]
LWOFF, André Michael [1253]
LYELL, Sir Charles [502]
LYNEN, Feodor [1360]
LYOT, Bernard Ferdinand [1196]
LYSENKO, Trofim Denisovich [1214]
MACH, Ernst [733]
MACLAURIN, Colin [263]
MÄDLER, Johann Heinrich [488]
MAGELLAN, Ferdinand [130]
MAGENDIE, François [438]
MAIMAN, Theodore Harold [1479]
MAIMONIDES, Moses [92]
MALPIGHI, Marcello [214]
MALTHUS, Thomas Robert [387]
MALUS, Étienne Louis [408]
MANSON, Sir Patrick [771]
MANTELL, Gideon Algernon [468]
MARCONI, Marchese Guglielmo [1025]
MAREY, Étienne Jules [683]
MARGGRAF, Andreas Sigismund [279]
MARIGNAC, Jean Charles Galissard de [599]
MARIOTTE, Edmé [203]
MARIUS, Simon [171]
MARKOVNIKOV, Vladimir Vasilevich [729]
MARSH, Othniel Charles [690]
MARTIN, Archer John Porter [1350]
MASKELYNE, Nevil [310]
MATTHIAS, Bern Teo [1425]
MAUCHLY, John William [1328]
MAUCHLY, John William [1328]
MAUNDER, Edward Walter [818]
MAUPERTUIS, Pierre Louis Moreau de [267]
MAURY, Matthew Fontaine [548]
MAXIM, Sir Hiram Stevens [745]
MAXWELL, James Clerk [692]
MAYER, Julius Robert [587]
MAYOW, John [230]
McADAM, John Loudon [369]
McCOLLUM, Elmer Verner [1062]
McMILLAN, Edwin Mattison [1329]
MECHNIKOV, Ilya Dich [775]
MEDAWAR, Sir Peter Brian [1396]
MEITNER, Lise [1060]
MELA, Pomponius [58]
MELLONI, Macedonio [504]
MENAECHMUS [30]
MENDEL, Gregor Johann [638]
MENDELÉEV, Dmitri Ivanovich [705]
MENZEL, Donald Howard [1237]
MERCATOR, Gerardus [144]
MERSENNE, Marin [181]
MESMER, Franz Anton [314]
MESSIER, Charles [305]
METON [23]
MEYER, Julius Lothar [685]
MEYER, Viktor [796]
MEYERHOF, Otto Fritz [1095]
MICHAELIS, Leonor [1033]
MICHAEL SCOT [98]
MICHELL, John [294]
MICHELSON, Albert Abraham [835]
MIDGLEY, Thomas, Jr. [1132]
MIESCHER, Johann Friedrich [770]
MILLER, Dayton Clarence [953]
MILLER, Jacques Francis Albert Pierre [1494]
MILLER, Stanley Lloyd [1490]
MILLER, William Hallowes [518]
MILLIKAN, Robert Andrews [969]
MILNE, Edward Arthur [1186]
MILNE, John [814]
MINKOWSKI, Hermann [935]
MINKOWSKI, Rudolph Leo B. [1179]
MINOT, George Richards [1103]
MITCHELL, Maria [608]

MITCHELL, Peter Dennis [1441]
MITSCHERLICH, Eilhardt [485]
MÖBIUS, August Ferdinand [471]
MOHL, Hugo von [542]
MOHOROVICIC, Andrija [871]
MOHS, Friedrich [401]
MOISSAN, Ferdinand Frédéric Henri [831]
MONDINO DE’ LUZZI [110]
MONGE, Gaspard [340]
MONIZ, Antonio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas [1032]
MONOD, Jacques Lucien [1347]
MONTGOLFIER, Jacques Étienne and Joseph Michel [325]
MOORE, Stanford [1379]
MORGAGNI, Giovanni Battista [251]
MORGAN, Thomas Hunt [957]
MORGAN, William Wilson [1298]
MORGENSTERN, Oskar [1248]
MORLEY, Edward Williams [730]
MORSE, Samuel Finley Breese [473]
MORTILLET, Louis Laurent Gabriel de [630]
MORTON, William Thomas Green [617]
MOSANDER, Carl Gustav [501]
MOSELEY, Henry Gwyn-Jeffreys [1121]
MÖSSBAUER, Rudolf Ludwig [1483]
MOTT, Sir Nevill Francis [1294]
MOTTELSON, Ben Roy [1471]
MOULTON, Forest Ray [1003]
MUELLER, Erwin Wilhelm [1364]
MULDER, Gerardus Johannes [531]
MÜLLER, Franz Joseph [323]
MULLER, Hermann Joseph [1145]
MÜLLER, Johannes Peter [522]
MÜLLER, Otto Friedrich [304]
MÜLLER, Paul Hermann [1216]
MULLIKEN, Robert Sanderson [1191]
MURCHISON, Sir Roderick Impey [477]
MURDOCK, William [363]
MURPHY, William Parry [1154]
MUSSCHENBROEK, Pieter van [257]
NAGAOKA, Hantaro [946]
NAGELI, Karl Wilhelm von [598]
NANSEN, Fridtjof [914]
NAPIER, John [159]
NATHANS, Daniel [1482]
NATTA, Giulio [1263]
NECKAM, Alexander [93]
NEEDHAM, John Turberville [285]
NÉEL, Louis Eugène Félix [1285]
NE’EMAN, Yuval [1465]
NEF, John Ulric [921]
NEISSER, Albert Ludwig Sigismund [859]
NERNST, Hermann Walther [936]
NEUMANN, John von [1273]
NEWCOMB, Simon [713]
NEWCOMEN, Thomas [243]
NEWLANDS, John Alexander Reina [727]
NEWTON, Sir Isaac [231]
NICHOLAS OF CUSA [115]
NICHOLSON, Seth Barnes [1151]
NICHOLSON, William [361]
NICOL, William [394]
NICOLLE, Charles Jules Henri [956]
NIEPCE, Joseph Nicéphore [384]
NIEUWLAND, Julius Arthur [1058]
NILSON, Lars Fredrik [747]
NIRENBERG, Marshall Warren [1476]
NOBEL, Alfred Bernhard [703]
NODDACK, Ida Eva Tacke [1187]
NODDACK, Walter Karl Friedrich [1166]
NORDENSKIÜLD, Nils Adolf Erik [700]
NORMAN, Robert [161]
NORRISH, Ronald George Wreyford [1206]
NORTHROP, John Howard [1148]
OBERTH, Hermann Julius [1172]
OCHOA, Severo [1293]
OCKHAM, William of [109]
OENOPIDES [18]
OERSTED, Hans Christian [417]
OHM, Georg Simon [461]
O’KEEFE, John Aloysius [1412]
OKEN, Lorenz [423]
OLBERS, Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus [372]
OLIPHANT, Marcus Laurence Elwin [1244]
OMAR KHAYYAM [87]
O’NEILL, Gerard Kitchen [1475]
ONSAGER, Lars [1272]
OORT, Jan Hendrik [1229]
OPARIN, Alexander Ivanovich [1171]
ÖPIK, Ernst Julius [1168]
OPPENHEIMER, J. Robert [1280]
OSBORNE, Thomas Burr [900]
OSTWALD, Friedrich Wilhelm [840]
OTIS, Elisha Graves [569]
OTTO, Nikolaus August [694]
OUGHTRED, William [172]
OWEN, Sir Richard [539]
PACIOLI, Luca [120]
PALADE, George Emil [1380]
PALMIERI, Luigi [550]
PANDER, Christian Heinrich [489]
PANETH, Friedrich Adolf [1118]
PAPIN, Denis [235]
PAPPUS [68]
PARACELSUS [131]
PARE, Ambroise [139]
PARKER, Eugene Newman [1478]
PARKES, Alexander [581]
PARKINSON, James [365]
PARMENIDES [13]
PARSONS, Sir Charles Algernon [850]
PASCAL, Blaise [207]
PASCHEN, Louis Carl Heinrich Friedrich [941]
PASTEUR, Louis [642]
PAULI, Wolfgang [1228]
PAULING, Linus Carl [1236]
PAVLOV, Ivan Petrovich [802]
PAYEN, Anselme [490]
PEACOCK, George [472]
PEANO, Giuseppe [889]
PEARSON, Karl [875]
PEARY, Robert Edwin [866]
PELLETIER, Pierre Joseph [454]
PENZIAS, Amo Allan [1501]
PEREGRINUS, Petrus [104]
PERKIN, Sir William Henry [734]
PERRIN, Jean Baptiste [990]
PERRINE, Charles Dillon [964]
PERUTZ, Max Ferdinand [1389]
PETIT, Alexis Thérèse [476]
PETRIE, Sir (William Matthew) Flinders [838]
PETTENKOFER, Max Joseph von [612]
PEURBACH, Georg von [118]
PFEFFER, Wilhelm [773]
PHILOLAUS [19]
PHILON [45]
PIAZZI, Giuseppe [341]
PICARD, Jean [204]
PICCARD, August [1092]
PICKERING, Edward Charles [784]
PICKERING, William Henry [885]
PICTET, Raoul Pierre [783]
PIERCE, John Robinson [1351]
PINCUS, Gregory [1266]
PINEL, Philippe [338]
PLANCK, Max Karl Ernst Ludwig [887]
PLANTÉ, Gaston [709]
PLASKETT, John Stanley [949]
PLATO [24]
PLINY [61]
PLÜCKER, Julius [521]
POGSON, Norman Robert [679]
POINCARÉ, Jules Henri [847]
POISEUILLE, Jean Léonard Marie [500]
POISSON, Simeon Denis [432]
POLHEM, Christopher [242]
POLO, Marco [105]
PONCELET, Jean Victor [456]
PONNAMPERUMA, Cyril [1457]
PONS, Jean Louis [376]
POPE, Sir William Jackson [991]
POPOV, Alexander Stepanovich [895]
PORTA, Giambattista della [150]
PORTER, George [1443]
POSEIDONIUS [52]
POULSEN, Valdemar [983]
POWELL, Cecil Frank [1274]
PRAXAGORAS [36]
PREGL, Fritz [982]
PRELOG, Vladimir [1310]
PRÉVOST, Pierre [356]
PRIESTLEY, Joseph [312]
PRIGOGINE, Ilya [1414]
PROCLUS [70]
PROCTOR, Richard Anthony [724]
PROKHOROV, Alexander Mikhailovich [1409]
PROUST, Joseph Louis [364]
PROUT, William [440]
PRZHEVALSKY, Nikolay Mikhaylovich [742]
PTOLEMY, Claudius [64]
PUPIN, Michael Idvorsky [891]
PURCELL, Edward MiUs [1378]
PURKINJE, Jan Evangelista [452]
PYTHAGORAS [7]
PYTHEAS [39]
QUETELET, Lambert Adolphe Jacques [496]
RABI, Isidor Isaac [1212]
RAINWATER, Leo James [1420]
RAMAN, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata [1130]
RAMÖN Y CAJAL, Santiago [827]
RAMSAY, Sir William [832]
RANKINE, William John Macquom [625]
RAOULT, François Marie [684]
RAWLINSON, Sir Henry Creswicke [559]
RAY, John [213]
RAYLEIGH, John William Strutt, 3d Baron [760]
RÉAUMUR, René Antoine Ferchault de [252]
REBER, Grote [1368]
REDFIELD, William C. [462]
REDI, Francesco [211]
REED, Walter [822]
REGIOMONTANUS [119]
REGNAULT, Henri Victor [561]
REICH, Ferdinand [506]
REICHSTEIN, Tadeusz [1201]
REID, Harry Fielding [898]
REINES, Frederick [1423]
REINHOLD, Erasmus [143]
REMAK, Robert [591]
REMSEN, Ira [781]
RETZIUS, Anders Adolf [498]
RHAZES [82]
RHETICUS [145]
RHINE, Joseph Banks [1182]
RICCIOLI, Giovanni Battista [185]
RICHARDS, Dickinson W. [1184]
RICHARDS, Theodore William [968]
RICHARDSON, Sir Owen Will ans [1066]
RICHER, Jean [217]
RICHET, Charles Robert [809]
RICHTER, Burton [1493]
RICHTER, Hieronymus Theodor [654]
RICHTER, Jeremias Benjamin [378]
RICKETTS, Howard Taylor [992]
RICKOVER, Hyman George [1225]
RIEMANN, Georg Friedrich Bernhard [670]
RIGHI, Augusto [810]
RINGER, Sydney [717]
RITTER, Johann Wilhelm [413]
ROBBINS, Frederick Chapman [1410]
ROBERTS, Richard Brooke [1357]
ROBINSON, Sir Robert [1107]
ROCHE, Édouard Albert [627]
ROEMER, Olaus [232]
ROENTGEN, Wilhelm Konrad [774]
ROOZEBOOM, Hendrik Willem Bakhuis [854]
RORSCHACH, Hermann [1099]
ROSE, William Cumming [1114]
ROSS, Sir James Clark [512]
ROSS, Sir Ronald [876]
ROSSE, William Parsons, 3d earl of [513]
ROSSI, Bruno Benedetto [1289]
ROUS, Francis Peyton [1067]
ROUX, Pierre Paul Émile [844]
ROWLAND, Henry Augustus [798]
RUBNER, Max [848]
RUDBECK, Olof [218]
RUMFORD, Benjamin Thompson, Count [360]
RUSKA, Ernst August Friedrich [1322]
RUSSELL, Bertrand Arthur William,
3d Earl [1005]
RUSSELL, Henry Norris [1056]
RUTHERFORD, Daniel [351]
RUTHERFORD, Ernest [996]
RUTHERFURD, Lewis Morris [596]
RUZICKA, Leopold Stephen [1119]
RYDBERG, Johannes Robert [857]
RYLE, Sir Martin [1428]
SABATIER, Paul [856]
SABIN, Albert Bruce [1311]
SABINE, Sir Edward [459]
SABINE, Wallace Clement Ware [972]
SACCHERI, Girolamo [247]
SACHS, Julius von [699]
SAGAN, Cari [1504]
SAINTE-CLAIRE DEVILLE, Henri Étienne [603]
SAKHAROV, Andrey Dmitriyevich [1444]
SALAM, Abdus [1468]
SALK, Jonas Edward [1393]
SANCTORIUS, Sanctorius [165]
SANDAGE, Allan Rex [1469]
SANGER, Frederick [1426]
SAUSSURE, Horace Bénédict de [322]
SAVER Y, Thomas [236]
SCALIGER, Joseph Justus [154]
SCHAEBERLE, John Martin [836]
SCHAEFER, Vincent Joseph [1309]
SCHALLY, Andrew Victor [1474]
SCHAUDINN, Fritz Richard [997]
SCHEELE, Karl Wilhelm [329]
SCHEINER, Christoph [173]
SCHIAPARELLI, Giovanni Virginio [714]
SCHLEIDEN, Matthias Jakob [538]
SCHLIEMANN, Heinrich [634]
SCHMIDT, Bernhard Voldemar [1065]
SCHMIDT, Maarten [1488]
SCHOENHEIMER, Rudolf [1211]
SCHÖNBEIN, Christian Friedrich [510]
SCHÖNER, Johannes [129]
SCHRIEFFER, John Robert [1495]
SCHRÖDINGER, Erwin [1117]
SCHULTZE, Max Johann Sigismund [657]
SCHWABE, Heinrich Samuel [466]
SCHWANN, Theodor [563]
SCHWARZSCHILD, Karl [1019]
SCHWEIGGER, Johann Salomo Christoph [422]
SCHWINGER, Julian Seymour [1421]
SCOTT, Robert Falcon [971]
SEABORG, Glenn Theodore [1372]
SECCHI, Pietro Angelo [606]
SEDGWICK, Adam [442]
SEEBECK, Thomas Johann [398]
SEFSTRÖM, Nils Gabriel [451]
SEGRE, Emilio [1287]
SELEUCUS [51]
SEMENOV, Nikolay Nikolaevich [1189]
SEMMELWEISS, Ignaz Philipp [607]
SERTÜRNER, Friedrich Wilhelm Adam Ferdinand [437]
SERVETUS, Michael [142]
SHANKS, William [572]
SHANNON, Claude Elwood [1404]
SHAPLEY, Harlow [1102]
SHARPEY-SCHAFER, Sir Edward Albert [807]
SHEMIN, David [1358]
SHERMAN, Henry Clapp [1036]
SHERRINGTON, Sir Charles Scott [881]
SHKLOVSKII, Iosif Samuilovich [1408]
SHOCKLEY, William Bradford [1348]
SIDGWICK, Nevil Vincent [1013]
SIEBOLD, Karl Theodor Ernst von [537]
SIEGBAHN, Karl Manne Georg [1111]
SIEMENS, Sir William [644]
SILLIMAN, Benjamin [424]
SIMON, Sir Franz Eugen Francis [1165]
SIMPSON, Sir James Young [567]
SITTER, Willem de [1004]
SLIPHER, Vesto Melvin [1038]
SMITH, Hamilton Othanel [1496]
SMITH, Philip Edward [1090]
SMITH, Theobald [899]
SMITH, William [395]
SNELL, George Davis [1275]
SNELL, Willebrord van Roijen [177]
SNOW, John [576]
SOBRERO, Ascanio [574]
SOCRATES [21]
SODDY, Frederick [1052]
SOLVAY, Ernest [735]
SOMMERFELD, Arnold Johannes Wilhelm [976]
SØRENSEN, Søren Peter Lauritz [967]
SOSIGENES [54]
SPALLANZANI, Lazzaro [302]
SPEDDING, Frank Harold [1259]
SPEMANN, Hans [981]
SPENCER, Herbert [624]
SPERRY, Elmer Ambrose [907]
SPITZER, Lyman, Jr. [1390]
SPRENGEL, Christian Konrad [354]
STAHL, Georg Ernst [241]
STANLEY, Wendell Meredith [1282]
STARK, Johannes [1024]
STARLING, Ernest Henry [954]
STAS, Jean Servais [579]
STAUDINGER, Hermann [1074]
STEFAN, Josef [715]
STEIN, William Howard [1365]
STEINMETZ, Charles Proteus (originally Karl August) [944]
STEPHENSON, George [431]
STENO, Nicolaus [225]
STERN, Otto [1124]
STEVINUS, Simon [158]
STEWART, Balfour [678]
STOCK, Alfred [1043]
STOKES, Sir George Gabriel [618]
STONEY, George Johnstone [664]
STRABO [56]
STRASBURGER, Eduard Adolf [768]
STRASSMAN, Fritz [1251]
STRATO [38]
STROHMEYER, Friedrich [411]
STRUVE, Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von [483]
STRUVE, Otto [1203]
STURGEON, William [436]
STURTEVANT, Alfred Henry [1153]
SUESS, Eduard [687]
SUMNER, James Batcheller [1120]
SUTHERLAND, Earl Wilbur, Jr. [1402]
SUTTON, Walter Stanborough [1047]
SVEDBERG, Theodor H. E. [1097]
SWAMMERDAM, Jan [224]
SWAN, Sir Joseph Wilson [677]
SYDENHAM, Thomas [208]
SYLVIUS, Franciscus [196]
SYNGE, Richard Laurence Millington [1394]
SZENT-GYÜRGYI, Albert [1167]
SZILARD, Leo [1208]
TAKAMINE, Jokichi [855]
TALBOT, William Henry Fox [511]
TAMM, Igor Yevgenyevich [1180]
TARTAGLIA, Niccolè [135]
TATUM, Edward Lawrie [1346]
TAYLOR, Frederick Winslow [864]
TEISSERENC DE BORT, Léon Philippe [861]
TELLER, Edward [1332]
TEMIN, Howard Martin [1505]
TENNANT, Smithson [375]
TESLA, Nikola [867]
THABIT IBN QURRA [80]
THALES [3]
THEAETETUS [26]
THEILER, Max [1217]
THÉNARD, Louis Jacques [416]
THEOPHRASTUS [31]
THEORELL, Axel Hugo Teodor [1267]
THOMSEN, Christian Jurgensen [460]
THOMSEN, Hans Peter Jørgen Julius [665]
THOMSON, Sir Charles Wyville [682]
THOMSON, Elihu [837]
THOMSON, Sir George Paget [1156]
THOMSON, Sir Joseph John [869]
THOMSON, Robert William [637]
TINBERGEN, Nikolaas [1326]
TING, Samuel C. C. [1507]
TISELIUS, Arne Wilhelm Kaurin [1257]
TITIUS, Johann Daniel [301]
TODD, Alexander Robertus, Baron [1331]
TOMBAUGH, Clyde William [1299]
TOMONAGA, Shin’ichiro [1300]
TORRICELLI, Evangelista [192]
TOSCANELLI, Paolo [113]
TOWNES, Charles Hard [1400]
TRAVERS, Morris William [1001]
TREVITHICK, Richard [399]
TRUMPLER, Robert Julius [1109]
TSAI LUN [63]
TSCHERMAK VON SEYSENEGG, Erich [999]
TSIOLKOVSKY, Konstantin Eduardovich [880]
TSVETT, Mikhail Semenovich [1006]
TURING, Alan Mathison [1375]
TWORT, Frederick William [1055]
TYNDALL, John [626]
UHLENBECK, George Eugene [1234]
ULUGH BEG [112]
URBAIN, Georges [1002]
UREY, Harold Clayton [1164]
VALENTIN, Gabriel Gustav [560]
VAN ALLEN, James Alfred [1392]
VAN DE GRAAF, Robert Jemison [1246]
VAN DE HULST, Hendrik Christoffell [1430]
VAN DE KAMP, Peter [1247]
VAN DER WAALS, Johannes Diderik [726]
VANT HOFF, Jacobus Henricus [829]
VAN VLECK, John Hasbrouck [1219]
VAUQUELIN, Louis Nicolas [379]
VAVILOV, Nikolay Ivanovich [1122]
VEKSLER, Vladimir Iosifovich [1324]
VENETZ, Ignatz [453]
VENN, John [710]
VERNADSKY, Vladimir Ivanovich [924]
VERNIER, Pierre [179]
VESALIUS, Andreas [146]
VESPUCIUS, Americus [123]
VIETA, Franciscus [153]
VILLARD, Paul Ulrich [906]
VIRCHOW, Rudolph Carl [632]
VIRTANEN, Artturi Ilmari [1176]
VITRUVIUS [55]
VIVIANI, Vincenzo [206]
VOGEL, Hermann Carl [757]
VOIT, Karl von [691]
VOLTA, Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio, Count [337]
VOLTAIRE [261]
VON EULER, Ulf Svante [1288]
VONNEGUT, Bernard [1391]
WAAGE, Peter [701]
WAGNER VON JAUREGG, Julius [874]
WAKSMAN, Selman Abraham [1128]
WALD, George [1318]
WALDEN, Paul [928]
WALDEYER-HARTZ, Heinrich Wilhelm Gottfried von [722]
WALDSEEMÜLLER, Martin [125]
WALLACE, Alfred Russel [643]
WALLACH, Otto [790]
WALLIS, John [198]
WALTER, William Grey [1349]
WALTON, Ernest Thomas Sinton [1269]
WARBURG, Otto Heinrich [1089]
WASSERMAN, August von [951]
WATSON, James Dewey [1480]
WATSON, John Broadus [1057]
WATSON-WATT, Sir Robert Alexander [1155]
WATT, James [316]
WEBER, Ernst Heinrich [492]
WEBER, Wilhelm Eduard [540]
WEGENER, Alfred Lothar [1071]
WEIERSTRASS, Karl Theodor Wilhelm [593]
WEINBERG, Steven [1502]
WEISMANN, August Friedrich Leopold [704]
WEISS, Pierre [942]
WEIZMANN, Chaim [1031]
WEIZSÄCKER, Carl Friedrich, Baron von [1376]
WELLER, Thomas Huckle [1397]
WENDELIN, Godefroy [176]
WERNER, Abraham Gottlob [355]
WERNER, Alfred [960]
WESTINGHOUSE, George [785]
WHEATSTONE, Sir Charles [526]
WHEELER, John Archibald [1366]
WHEWELL, William [487]
WHIPPLE, Fred Lawrence [1317]
WHIPPLE, George Hoyt [1059]
WHITEHEAD, Alfred North [911]
WHITNEY, Eh [386]
WIECHERT, Emil [917]
WIELAND, Heinrich Otto [1048]
WIEN, Wilhelm [934]
WIENER, Norbert [1175]
WIGNER, Eugene Paul [1260]
WILDT, Rupert [1290]
WILKINS, John [197]
WILKINS, Maurice Hugh Frederick [1413]
WILKINS, Robert Wallace [1320]
WILKINSON, Sir Geoffrey [1445]
WILLIAMS, Robert Runnels [1104]
WILLIAMS, Robley Cook [1339]
WILLIAMSON, Alexander William [650]
WILLIS, Thomas [205]
WILLSTÄTTER, Richard [1009]
WILSON, Charles Thomson Rees [979]
WILSON, Edmund Beecher [868]
WILSON, Robert Woodrow [1506]
WINDAUS, Adolf [1046]
WINKLER, Clemens Alexander [739]
WISLICENUS, Johannes [716]
WITHERING, William [327]
WITTIG, Georg Friedrich Karl [1199]
WOHLER, Friedrich [515]
WOLF, Maximilian Franz Joseph Cornelius [927]
WOLFF, Kaspar Friedrich [313]
WOLLASTON, William Hyde [388]
WOODWARD, Robert Bums [1416]
WOOLLEY, Sir Charles Leonard [1069]
WREN, Sir Christopher [220]
WRIGHT, Orville [995]
WRIGHT, Thomas [281]
WRIGHT, Wilbur [961]
WROBLEWSKI, Zygmunt Florenty von [779]
WUNDERLICH, Carl Reinhold August [592]
WUNDT, Wilhelm Max [697]
WURTZ, Charles Adolphe [602]
WYCKOFF, Ralph Walter Graystone [1202]
XENOPHANES [6]
YALOW, Rosalyn Sussman [1446]
YANG, Chen Ning [1451]
YERKES, Robert Mearns [1041]
YOUNG, Charles Augustus [712]
YOUNG, Thomas [402]
YUKAWA, Hideki [1323]
ZEEMAN, Pieter [945]
ZENO [16]
ZEPPELIN, Ferdinand Adolf August Heinrich, Count von [737]
ZERNICKE, Fritz [1127]
ZIEGLER, Karl [1215]
ZINN, Walter Henry [1321]
ZOSIMUS [67]
ZSIGMONDY, Richard Adolf [943]
ZWICKY, Fritz [1209]
ZWORYKIN, Vladimir Kosma [1134]

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